Airplane Tracking

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Airplane Tracking
Adsb pi.jpg
Participants Melan
Skills Raspberry pi, Linux, airplanes, radio, rtl-sdr
Status Active as fuck
Niche
Purpose Use for infra
Tool No
Location
Cost
Tool category

Airplane Tracking

adsb_pi.jpg {{#if:No | [[Tool Owner::{{{ProjectParticipants}}} | }} {{#if:No | [[Tool Cost::{{{Cost}}} | }}

What

A VM running on Coherence (sdr.dhcp.nurd.space / 10.208.42.113) tracking airplanes, in total there are 3 RTL-SDR dongles connected while only one is being used for ADS-B. The other two remain available for any other SDR purposes. The ADSB decoder used is ReadSB some of the services are running under Docker. The setup is heavily based upon this guide.

For the time being, until we restart Coherence (to enable nesting) the following services are still not running:

The following services still need to be setup:

Unclaimed feeders are (have to be done from inside the space):

  • Piaware feeder
  • Planefinder (?)

The antenna is located above the bar under the skylight.

How

Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) is a surveillance technology in which an aircraft determines its position via satellite navigation and periodically broadcasts it, enabling it to be tracked. The information can be received by air traffic control ground stations as a replacement for secondary surveillance radar, as no interrogation signal is needed from the ground. It can also be received by other aircraft to provide situational awareness and allow self-separation. ADS–B is "automatic" in that it requires no pilot or external input. It is "dependent" in that it depends on data from the aircraft's navigation system. This signal is transmitted at 1090Mhz and 978Mhz.


The decoder software (Dump1090) takes in the raw data from the SDR and parses it, we are running the forked version made by Flightradar24, which means the feeder also sends data to Flightradar24. We are also feeding this data to Flightaware and Planefinder.

Hardware

Flightaware Pro Stick Plus
  • Chip: R820T2
  • Amplifier: 19dB with 0.4dB noise figure and OIP3 +39dB
  • TCXO: 0.5 ppm
  • Filter: 1,075 MHz to 1,105 MHz pass band with insertion loss of 2.3 dB; 30 dB attenuation on other frequencies
  • Power Draw: 300 mA
  • Weight: 17 g / 0.6 oz
  • Dimensions: 95 mm x 32 mm x 13 mm
  • Antenna Port: SMA female (requires SMA antenna cable and optionally N-male adapter for large antenna)
  • Range: Over 300 nm/550 km depending on installation quality
  • Performance: 10-20% more Mode S messages in installations where filtering is beneficial

Feeds

We are currently feeding to the following services

Name Link
Adsbexchange
Fr24feed
Planefinder
Opensky
Piaware


Ports

List of all then ports, whom they belong to, and their function.

Port Service Description
80 PiAware PiAware info
8078 Tar1090 Dump1090 improved map
8079 Graphs1090 Some ADS-B graphs
8080 FlightAirMap A very complex interface
8081 VirtualRadar A neat looking web interface
8082 Readsb Interface
8754 Flightradar24 Status interface
9000 Portainer Allow some control over Docker
30003 Readsb Mode-S?
30005 Readsb Beast

Todo

  • Make a different antenna/remake the current antenna
  • Claim feeds
  • Write down some more info
 
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